It is the pruning that efectuamostanto to trees as shrubs in their younger states in order to create a form or concrete structure . Previously we must establish which is the correct form that we will give to the tree or bush and will be removing unwanted branches. In case of wanting to form complex structures we will use guides of both metal and wood where we will fix the selected branches.
The grips are the cuts of tender branches that are made by lowering outbreaks between five and ten centimeters, in order to reduce the volume of the plant and cause the development of new lateral branches that provide density and opacity to shrub or tree. The number of grips that require a shrub or tree it will be directly related to the vigor of the plant to prune . If they are very vigorous they will require a large number of grips a year, and to the few vigorous ones of slow growth it will suffice to make them a single annual pinch.
Sanitation pruning is to remove dry and broken branches of Trees s. The removal of these damaged branches is necessary since over time the presence of dry branches and broken can be a danger because they present a high potential of fall and therefore can cause material and personal damages.
Pruning of fruiting
It is done to fruit trees and involves making a pruning, depending on the species of fruit tree pruning, in order to balance the number of flower buds with the number of buds wood , based on the principle of a piece of fruit Requires forty mature leaves to develop an adequate size and quality. Adapting this principle to each species of fruit tree, it will be necessary to carry out the pruning according to the obtaining of fruits of size and optimum qualities.
Pruning after flowering
Many species of shrubs bloom on old buds in early spring. If we can shrub these during the winter months, we will reduce considerably the number of flower buds and therefore the flowering will not be so spectacular. In this type of bushes spring floral explosion will make the necessary pruning once flowering has wilted , but before the buds wooden activated and begin to develop.
Plants that have not been followed up and abandoned over time have been able to develop an excessive and anarchic volume. In these cases it may be that careless plant scale we have gone and therefore it is necessary to perform a rejuvenation pruning. First will reduce dry and crisscrossing branches, eliminating the most aged and debilitated branches . The cuts of thick branches we will make them respecting a guide after savias.
The planting of many shrubs is done in order to obtain maximum flowering. This is the case of shrubs such as hydrangeas and roses . To obtain a quality flowering it is necessary to prune these shrubs annually. The pruning will differ in each species, being necessary to know what the pruning requirements of each shrub.